I. Background Overview
In recent years, with the development and progress of society, the number of high-rise, large-scale buildings and various types of units in cities has increased, the fire safety situation is extremely severe, the personnel of the fire safety supervision and management department is limited, and the fire safety supervision lacks effective technical means and social means With the cooperation, major fire hazards could not be found, eliminated, and rectified in time, and the fire risks and occurrence rates remained high.
年5月25日，河南鲁山养老院特别重大火灾，造成39人死亡、 6人受伤，直接经济损失2064.5万元。 On May 25 , 2015, a particularly severe fire in Lushan Nursing Home, Henan, killed 39 people and injured 6 people, resulting in a direct economic loss of 20.645 million yuan.
年2月5日下午4时左右，浙江省台州市天台县赤诚街道足馨堂足浴店发生火灾共造成18人死亡、 18人受伤。 At about 4 pm on February 5 , 2017 , a fire broke out in the foot bath shop of Foot Xintang, Chicheng Street, Tiantai County, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province, causing 18 deaths and 18 injuries.
年11月18日18时许，北京市大兴区西红门镇新建村发生火灾。 At 18:00 on November 18 , 2017 , a fire broke out in a newly-built village in Xihongmen Town, Daxing District, Beijing. 人死亡， 8人受伤。 The fire killed 19 people and injured 8 others.
年，全国共接报火灾31.2万起，亡1582 ，伤1065 ，直接经济损失37.2亿元。 According to the information released by the authority of the China Fire Protection Association, in 2016 , 312,000 fires were reported nationwide, with 1,582 deaths , 1065 injuries, and direct economic losses of 3.72 billion yuan. 年1至10月，全国共接报火灾21.9万起，亡1065人，伤679人，已核直接财产损失26.2亿元。 From January to October 2017, a total of 219,000 fires were reported nationwide, killing 1065 people and injuring 679 people, with direct nuclear property losses of 2.62 billion yuan.
年10月10日，公安部消防局发布了《关于全面推进“智慧消防” 建设的指导意见（ 公消297号）》，要求综合运用物联网、云计算、大数据、移动互联网等新兴信息技术，加快推进“智慧消防”建设，全面促进信息化与消防业务工作的深度融合、全覆盖的社会火灾防控体系，实现“传统消防”向“现代消防”的转变。 To this end, on October 10 , 2017 , the Fire Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security issued the "Guiding Opinions on Comprehensively Promoting the Construction of" Smart Fire Fighting "(Public Consumer  No. 297 )", requiring the comprehensive use of the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data. Emerging information technologies such as mobile Internet, accelerate the construction of "smart fire protection", comprehensively promote the in-depth integration of informatization and fire protection work, and a comprehensive social fire prevention and control system, and realize the transformation from "traditional fire protection" to "modern fire protection".
】 297号）文件，以“城市物联网消防远程监控系统”和“高层住宅智能消防预警系统”的功能要求为核心，为政府决策、消防监管、社会单位主体责任落实、辅助救援等提供的智慧消防物联网整体解决方案。 Silian Cloud relies on the "Smart Equipment Energy Management Cloud Platform-Silian Cloud", according to the Ministry of Public Security (Gong Consumer [ 2017 ] No. 297 ) documents, with "urban Internet of Things fire remote monitoring system" and "high-rise residential intelligent fire early warning system" The functional requirements are at the core, and they provide smart fire-fighting Internet of Things overall solutions for government decision-making, fire supervision, implementation of social unit's main responsibility, and auxiliary rescue.
或手机app ，实现对消防工作的监督管理与动态监控，全面提升社会单位消防安全管理水平和消防监督执法效能。 According to the different user objects and the jurisdiction of the business, Silian Cloud provides a decision management platform, fire supervision platform, owner user platform and fire maintenance platform. The computer web or mobile app can realize the supervision and management of fire protection work and dynamic monitoring. Improve the fire safety management level of social units and the effectiveness of fire supervision and law enforcement.
标签、网络视频摄像头、独立式感烟探测器等前端物联探测设备，相关信息通过有线或无线互联网上传至智慧消防物联网数据平台进行集中的处理分析。 Based on the actual situation of the fire equipment configuration of the unit, the users of the networked units shall install smart power safety detectors, smart fire water source collectors, smart fire RFID tags, network video cameras, and independent sensors on the basis of the original automatic fire alarm system. Smoke detectors and other front-end IoT detection equipment, related information is uploaded to the smart fire IoT data platform for centralized processing and analysis through wired or wireless Internet.
For different scales, different types of social units or fire protection facilities, we can provide complete smart fire IoT application solutions, complete the urban Internet of Things fire remote monitoring system, and build intelligent fire early warning systems for high-rise residences and small and micro places.
Third, the typical solution
重点消防单位 Key fire fighting unit
水压）、智慧消防RFID标签、网络视频摄像头等前端物联探测设备，通过有线或无线互联网与智慧消防物联网数据平台互联，构建智慧城市物联网消防远程监控系统。 On the basis of the original automatic fire alarm system, front-end IOT detection equipment such as smart power safety detectors, smart fire water source collectors (level / water pressure), smart fire RFID tags, and network video cameras are installed. Or the wireless Internet is interconnected with the smart fire IoT data platform to build a smart city IoT fire remote monitoring system.
高层住宅 2. High-rise residential
水压）、智能手报、智慧消防RFID标签等，完善重点火灾部位及消防通道网络视频摄像头等，通过有线或无线互联网与智慧消防物联网数据平台互联，构建智能消防预警系统。 Install smart electrical safety detectors, smart fire water source collectors (level / water pressure), smart hand reports, smart fire RFID tags, etc., and improve network video cameras for key fire locations and fire passages, etc. via wired or wireless Internet The smart fire IoT data platform is interconnected to build an intelligent fire early warning system.
小微场所 3. Small and micro places
Install smart electrical safety detectors, independent smoke alarms, combustible gas alarms, simple automatic sprinkler fire extinguishing devices, etc. to build an intelligent fire warning system and implement automatic fire suppression.
主要功能 4. Main functions
应用效果 5. Application effect
消防部门： 5.1 Fire department:
1. Through the smart Internet of Things, the fire department can truly control the operation status of the fire protection facilities of the social units in the jurisdiction, and effectively guide the daily fire supervision and inspection.
2. Effectively supervise the daily fire management work (fire inspection, fire duty, training and learning) of the social units in the jurisdiction, improve the fire awareness of the social units, and form a good situation of collective management of fire protection work.
3. Through big data analysis of fire protection data, quantify the degree of fire danger of social units in the jurisdiction, guide the fire management department to judge and evaluate fire risks, and provide information support for fire protection propaganda, service, and leadership and decision-making.
In short, the smart fire-fighting Internet of Things is a powerful starting point for the fire department to implement fire supervision, and it has realized the organic unification of civil and technical defense, professional strength and social strength.
政府部门： 5.2 Government departments:
Based on the platform big data analysis, it provides data support and basic guarantee for the scientific decision-making of "smart cities" and "safe cities" for government departments at all levels.
单位用户： 5.3 Unit users:
Based on this platform, on-duty personnel in networked units can remotely realize fire alarm linkage, fire facility status monitoring, fire inspection, video monitoring, and mobile office around the clock, greatly improving fire management level and work efficiency;
维保商： 5.4 Maintenance company:
客户端，实现对维保单位消防设施状态的实时监测与异常信息推送及报警信息的快速反应，对维保商提高维保效率、降低运维成本提供有效的技术手段； With the help of the mobile phone APP client, the real-time monitoring of the status of the fire protection facilities of the maintenance unit and the rapid response to the push of abnormal information and alarm information are provided, which provides effective technical means for maintenance providers to improve maintenance efficiency and reduce operation and maintenance costs;
4. System platform and equipment composition
Smart Fire IoT Cloud Platform
The Smart Fire Fighting Internet of Things cloud platform is a big data platform for firefighting that is built specifically for the management of firefighting operations based on Quadlink Cloud. It uses modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data analysis, and mobile internet to interconnect related firefighting facility resources and acquire firefighting facilities Status information and management information, to achieve fire information sharing and application services, and comprehensively improve the scientific, information and intelligent fire protection work.
Silian Cloud comprehensively utilizes modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, etc., and interconnects fire protection facilities of social units through communication means such as wired, wireless, and mobile Internet, and obtains fire protection facility status information and related building information to achieve fire protection information. Smart fire IoT data platform system for sharing and application services.
客户端或手机APP客户端登录平台能够获取“智慧消防”的各类信息，方便、有效的管理各类消防设施和设备，及时发现并排除消防隐患，并对火灾及时自动确认和上报，并通过报警联动实现自动灭火，并通过客户端及时通报相关人员采取对应措施，做到火灾损失小，提高火灾防控水平及救援速度。 Users can access various types of "smart fire protection" information through the WEB client or mobile APP client to log in to the platform, conveniently and effectively manage various fire protection facilities and equipment, timely find and eliminate hidden fire hazards, and automatically confirm and report fires in time. , And realize automatic fire extinguishing through alarm linkage, and timely notify relevant personnel through the client to take corresponding measures to achieve small fire losses, improve fire prevention and control level and rescue speed.